BENZENE, LUBRICANTS AND AIDS
By Stephen Byrnes
Explore! January 1997
In the search for the causes of AIDS in the Western world (1) many agents have
been proposed: HIV, a retrovirus, chronic consumption of drugs such as cocaine,
amyl nitrates (poppers), and AZT, as well as other immunosuppressive drugs
prophylactically prescribed for HIV "infection," (2) multiple, repeated
venereal diseases, leading to immune collapse (3), and radiation exposure (4).
Syphillis (5), other viral pathogens such as HHV6 (6), a herpes virus, parasitic
infections (7), and contaminated Factor VIII (8), a clotting agent added to the
transfused blood given to hemophiliacs, have also been proposed.
Some of these theories have been discarded as more research was done on them,
e.g., the syphillis theory (9). As for the others, the "drug-AIDS"
hypothesis, fervently espoused and documented by such notables as Peter Duesberg
provides a succinct explanation of many cases of AIDS, especially in light of the
known toxicity of recreational drugs and DNA chain-terminating nucleosides like
AZT and ddI (10) , and contaminated Factor VIII can certainly explain
"AIDS," or severe immune suppression, in hemophiliacs (11). As for the
others, they suffer from a lack of hard or convincing evidence. Certainly,
however, repeated bouts of V.D. don't help the immune system remain stable or
strong and antiparasitic herbal protocols have appeared to dramatically help some
immune compromised individuals.(12)
The problem with AIDS causation is that it is not only one thing all of the
time: many factors can contribute to immunosuppression. Finding out which ones
are in play for a particular individual depends on the individual and recovery
for that individual depends on the individual's condition.
The majority of the medical and scientific community, of course, denies all of
this in favor of a single cause: the HIV retrovirus. This tunnelvision with
regards to AIDS causation and "treatment" has left the world with a lot
of dead people. Announced to be the "probable cause of AIDS" by Robert
Gallo at a government press conference in 1984, HIV has been the one and only
thing put forward by the bulk of scientists and, despite its propagation by them
and the media, falls woefully short as a satisfactory explanation:
- Almost 15 years after its discovery, no scientist has been able to explain
how HIV causes AIDS. The latest theory put forward, the so-called "Viral
Load" hypothesis, has been shown to be a fantasy by several authorities
- Why is it that thousands of people have AIDS without HIV? (14)
- If HIV is transmitted sexually and is highly contagious, why hasn't AIDS
spread into the heterosexual population? (15)
- If HIV is a pathogenic virus, why does it not produce the same diseases in
the people who are infected by it? (16)
- If HIV is a disease causing retrovirus, why does it fail all the criteria
of a pathogenic agent as defined by Koch's Postulates, the historical
"acid test" for proving whether or not a bacteria or virus directly
causes a given disease? (17) This is not meant to be a complete analysis of the
flawed HIV hypothesis, just the main points.
There is another cause, however, that is proposed here. This cause appeared
just months before the first cases of Kaposi's sarcoma and pneumocystis
pneumonia, two of the "banner" AIDS diseases, appeared in some gay men
in the major U.S. metropolitan areas in the late '70's. This cause is a chemical
toxin, is still with us today, and contributes to the plight of many: it is
benzene (and its chemical derivatives) and it was, and is, found in sexual
lubricants, a product almost exclusively used by the gay community.
What is Benzene?
Benzene is a chemical solvent that was developed by chemist Michael Faraday
in the early 1800's (18). Since it is cheap to manufacture, and since it is such
an effective solvent, it was, and is, routinely used in manufacturing, being
added to glues, paint thinners, rubber cement, varnish and shellac removers,
various petroleum products, and gasoline.
The chemical structure of benzene is C6H6 and early on it was identified as
being an incredibly toxic substance. Workers in the various industries where
benzene was used were, over time due to repeated, chronic exposure, severely
anemic and many developed leukemia as well as permanent bone marrow damage (19).
Because of its known dangers, worker exposure to benzene is now strictly
regulated by the E.P.A. (20) However, since benzene is such a useful solvent, and
because it is so inexpensive, it is still widely in use despite the hazards.
The effects of benzene on the human system are as follows: "Confirmed
human carcinogen producing myeloid leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, and lymphomas by
inhalation. A human poison by inhalation . . .skin contact, intraperitoneal,
intravenous, and possibly other routes. A severe eye and moderate skin irritant.
. . blood changes, increased body temperature. . .Mutation data reported. . .
.The bone marrow may be [damaged], . . .the changes reflected in the peripheral
blood. Anemia, leucopenia, macrocytosis, . . .thrombocytopenia may be present. .
. Benzene has a definite cumulative action . . . . In chronic poisoning the onset
is slow, with the symptoms vague: fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea and loss
of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness are common complaints [emphasis mine].
There is great individual variation in the signs and symptoms of chronic benzene
Benzene belongs to the chemical family known as aromatic hydrocarbons, the
other members, and their uses, are:
The main constituent in mothballs and employed in the production
of dyes and synthetic resins. It is also used for industrial lubricants,
explosives, fungicides, and as a solvent and preservative.|
Related to both benzene and ammonia, it is used to make a wide
variety of organic chemical compounds including pharmaceuticals, photographic
chemicals, and dye intermediates.|
Chiefly manufactured from benzene, its chief uses are in the
manufacturing of plastics, dyes, and disinfectants.|
Manufactured by oxidizing aniline, it is used extensively as a
photographic developer and as a food antioxidant.|
The other aromatic hydrocarbons are xylene and toluene. The effects of the
hydrocarbons are similar: they accumulate in, and damage, the bone marrow causing
anemia and depressed immune function. A related compound, though not a
hydrocarbon, is benzoic acid, a.k.a., sodium benzoate, methylparaben, and
propylparaben (22). We will return to this compound a bit later in the paper.
Cases of Benzene Contamination
There have been several instances in recent history where benzene, or one of
its derivatives, has contaminated a food or has been an ingredient in a
pharmaceutical product. All of these conditions were, at first, thought to have
been infectious and either virally or bacterially caused. These instances are:
(1) American pellagra, (2) Toxic Oil Syndrome, (3) Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, (4)
SMON, and (5) EMS (eosinophilia myalgia syndrome). Intravenous drug use (IVDU)
also figures into the benzene picture. Let us now look at these occurrences,
paying specific attention to the physical conditions these contaminations brought
American pellagra was a disease that hit the southern United States during
1900-1950 and claimed tens of thousands of lives, as well as affected about
250,000 people. Outbreaks of pellagra had occured before in other countries but
American pellagra was slightly different: while all had niacin deficiency at the
heart of the condition, the American problem was exacerbated by the use of new
bleaching and degerminating procedures for corn and wheat which not only stripped
the grain of its nutrients but also added into it various chemical residues,
including pesticides, like hexachlorobenzene, to keep the flour free from bug
infestation. It is for this reason that pellagra continued to occur after the
niacin deficiency was addressed (23).
Pellagra was thought to have been an infectious condition, despite
overwhelming proof against that notion. It produced a wide range of effects such
as dementia, fevers, rashes, skin lesions, opportunistic infections, fatigue,
lymphadenopathy, pneumonia, retinitis, night sweats, and diarrhea, among others
Toxic Oil Syndrome (TOS) occured in Madrid, Spain in 1981 where there was a
localized outbreak of immune suppression among thousands of people. At first,
health authorities suspected a viral cause since the affected were family
members, friends, or acquantances. On closer inspection, however, the source of
the trouble was a particular brand of olive oil, sold only in Madrid, that had
been "cut" with canola oil. The canola oil had been
"denatured" (i.e., had its fatty content removed or reduced) and had
been contaminated in the denaturing process with 2% aniline that resulted in
fatty acid anilides (e.g., oleylanilide) and structural contaminants (e.g.
p-benzoquinoline) (25). In short, the victims of TOS became ill from ingesting
benzene-contaminated olive oil.
The symptoms of this condition were virtually identical to American pellagra:
immunosuppression, fever, chills, sweats, rashes, eosinophilia, muscle wasting,
cough, dyspnea, muscle cramps, dry eyes and mouth, skin lesions, dementia,
peripheral neuropathy, pneumonia, chronic hepatitis, lymph swelling, and
opportunistic infections (26). Additionally, cellular and immunological
abnormalities occurred: an inversion of CD4/CD8 cell ratios, production of
autoantibodies to collagen DNA, and reduced T and B cellular responses to
mitogens. (27) It was proposed that the autoantibody production was the result of
an increase in the CD4/CD8 T cell ratios. (28)
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a relatively new condition that appeared in
America and Europe at about the same time as AIDS. Dubbed the "Yuppie
Flu" for its tendency to strike only young urbanites, it is characterized by
the same symptoms as pellagra and TOS. For several years the American Centers for
Disease Control tried, unsuccessfully, to blame the condition on various
pathogens, most notably the Epstein-Barr virus. When CFS showed up, however, in
many people with no trace of this virus, the theory had to be abandoned. At
present, the CDC asserts that CFS has no known, definite cause and that it is not
The majority of CFS sufferers are women (29) and the source of the condition
most probably lies in the yuppie liking for certain "denatured" foods
which were introduced to the marketplace in the 80's: decaffeinated and sugar
free drinks, "lite", fat free, and salt free foods, for example.
Benzoic acid figures largely in the syndrome, being added as a preservative into
diet colas and many of the altered foods. Benzene also figured directly as it had
contaminated the popular yuppie drink, Perrier (30).
Our next occurence is Japan where an outbreak of immune suppression occured
between 1955 to 1978 called SMON (subacute myelo optico neuropathy). Like our
preceeding examples, SMON was thought to have been caused by a virus but, after
20 years and many deaths, was traced to a prescription drug called clioquinol, a
medication for stomach upset. Clioquinol contained 8-hydroxy-quinoline, a benzene
derivative. This drug was prescribed for stomach upset but actually caused it,
requiring higher and higher doses, thus insuring more eposure to the toxin. The
symptoms were: abdominal pain, fever, rash, diarrhea, neuropathy, weight loss,
skin lesions, retinitis leading to blindness, fatigue, paralysis, and pneumonia.
(31) These symptoms are, of course, almost the same as the other conditions
It just so happens that clioquinol was given to emigrating Hatians arriving in
the U.S.A. in the early 80's for parasitic infections and, currently, is heavily
marketed in Zaire and Angola (32). As some readers may remember, Haitians were
singled out by the CDC as being one of the original "AIDS risk groups"
in the early 80's. It is quite reasonable to conclude, however, that the
"AIDS" suffered by some Haitians was nothing more than benzene
poisoning caused by clioquinol ingestion.
EMS was the result of benzene derivatives contaminating tryptophan supplements
which many people in the USA, Italy, Germany, and the UK took. The episode in the
late 80's led to the immediate recall and subsequent ban on all tryptophan
supplements in the USA. It was finally determiend that the source of the problem
was a bad batch of tryptophan that was manufactured in Japan. The bacterial
strain used to produce the amino acid was tainted and instead produced toxins
related to the benzene ring (C6H6). This is further borne out by the fact that
various studies indicated that the symptoms of EMS were identical to those of CFS
Chronic, intravenous drug use (IVDU) produces almost the same sicknesses
defined as "AIDS" which match the other conditions just discussed
(33a). While many drugs have not been studied for their chemical contents and
effects on the body, it is known that the three most implicated in immune
suppression, cocaine, heroin, and crystal methamphetamine, are manufactured with
coal tar derivatives like kerosene which has a high amount of benzene in it. (34)
Illicit drugs are also routinely prepared with acetone (35), a toxic substance
which produces the following side effects: changes in carbohydrate metabolism,
nasal effects, conjunctiva irritation, nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, kidney
damage, and various metabolic and biochemical changes (36).
The other recreational drug historically implicated in AIDS due to its high
use among some parts of the gay community, "poppers", or amyl and butyl
nitrates, may contain trace amounts of benzene in them (37). Regardless, they are
potent oxidizing agents and carcinogenic. It is interesting to note that Kaposi's
sarcoma seems only to affect gay men and the KS that some gay men get is quite
different from classical KS. In classic KS, the skin lesions appear on the lower
parts of the body and the tumors are pretty benign and permanent. In gay men who
have the condition, the lesions show up all over the body, appear and disappear,
and, when present in the lungs, are lethal. It should be obvious that the
"KS" some gay men suffer from is not the KS documented in the earlier
medical literature. The "gay KS" is, it appears, toxin induced just as
the skin lesions of the other conditions just discussed were. In keeping with the
cumulative effect of benzene and its derivatives, it takes a few years of nitrite
use for "KS" to develop (38).
Proof that benzene is causing the "KS" lesions is seen in their
successful treatment with a substance called DNCB, a photographic developing
agent which contains small amounts of benzene. In demonstration of the
homeopathic Law of Similars, the minute amounts of benzene in DNCB stimulate an
immune response against the toxin within the body, normalize and increase CD4/
CD8 counts (39), and resolve the lesions. The other successful treatment for the
skin lesions is estrogen therapy, developed and discovered by Project AIDS
International in Los Angeles. For some unknown reason, estrogen helps to inhibit
and protect the body from benzene and its effects (40).
And what of benzoic acid (C7H6O2)? Way back in 1906 Harvey Wiley, the founder
of the FDA, conducted experiments on people (with permission) trying to determine
the harmful effects, if any, of this compound on humans. At the time, a major
food company wanted to add the chemical to various canned products to insure food
color and freshness and Dr. Wiley was concerned about possible adverse effects.
Upon repeated introduction of small, concentrated amounts of benzoate into his
test subjects several adverse side effects were noted after three weeks: night
sweats, fever, muscle loss, anorexia, lymph swelling, etc.. The same symtoms of
AIDS, TOS, SMON, CFS, illicit drug use, and other benzene-induced conditions.
Dr. Wiley testified before congress that the use of benzoic acid, boric acid,
salicylates, and cinnamic aldehyde (found in "hot" lubricants) would be
disastrous and even succeeded in banning them for a few years. Unfortunately, due
to economic and political pressures from food and petrochemical companies, Dr.
Wiley was overruled and expelled from the very organization he founded (41).
Of particular interest here is Dr. Wiley's ominous prediction in his book that
serious epidemics arising from the use of these chemicals would occur in the
future. Today, we have benzoic acid (or sodium benzoate, benzoate of soda,
methylparaben, propylparaben, or paraben) added to all sorts of foods and drinks
as a preservative. It is also found in another product almost exclusively used by
the gay community: lubricants.
The Beginning of the End
While it is true that the first cases of AIDS, called GRID back then, were
reported to the CDC in 1981 by Dr. Michael Gottlieb, the first cases of KS and
AIDS were seen in the gay community beginning in 1978 (42) and the mysterious new
disease seemed to only strike two groups of people: bottoms (passive in anal
intercourse), and "fistees" (those who liked to be fisted, or have
someone's fist and arm anally inserted into them) (43). Exclusive tops were not
affected, unless they were heavy drug users. Those with a preference for oral
sex, giving or receiving, may have gotten other venereal ailments, but they did
not catch the new disease. What was it that bottoms and fistees had in common,
besides poppers to relax the smooth muscles of the anus? Lubricant and lots of it
if they were promiscuous.
Were new lubricants introduced to the gay community in 1978? Previously, gay
men had used KY jelly, Crisco, or baby oil for anal sex but in 1978 there were
new lubricants introduced and heavily marketed to the gay community, viz., Lube
and Performance, as advertisements in back issues of gay periodicals show. As a
matter of fact, 1978 marked the dawn of "special" lubricants, both
"hot" and regular, formulated for and used by gay men. They were all
oil-based and contained very high amounts of acetone and benzoic acid in them
(44). The oils were, like the bad olive oil in Madrid, "denatured."
Curiously, as these lubricants became available to gay men in other countries,
via mail order, AIDS began to appear in those places. There were a few instances
where gay men from other countries developed AIDS-like symptoms before the
lubricants went overseas, but in each of these instances, the victims had spent
time in the United States just before returning to their native ascountries,
suggesting exposure to the toxin while in the U.S.A. (45)
Effects of Benzene on the Body
|CHART OF SYMPTOM COMPARISON|
|Cutaneous skin lesions||yes||yes||yes||?||yes||yes|
|CD4/CD8 inverted ratio||yes||yes||yes||yes||yes||?|
How did these dangerous chemicals find their way into the first AIDS patients?
Rectal absorption is estimated at being eight times more efficient and direct
than oral for rectally absorbed items bypass the digestive tract and are directly
absorbed via the mucous membranes into the bloodstream.
As readers of this paper may know, lubricants are quite popular with the gay
community and are not, in general, used by heterosexuals. Certainly the first
"gay" lubricants were not used by straight people, hence the
"gayness" and "maleness" of AIDS. While there has been a
trend away from oil based lubricants, the water based ones have benzoic acid in
them, albeit in much smaller amounts than their oil-based cousins. Benzoic acid
goes under the names of methylparaben and propylparaben and is just as toxic now
as it was when Dr. Wiley experimented on it almost 100 years ago.
Constituents of Lubricants
Lubricants are, in fact, chock full of toxic chemicals. The following is a
brief listing of ingredients commonly found in sexual lubricants and the data on
them are from two basic toxicological guides, The Hazardous Chemicals Desk
Reference (HC) and The Handbook of Poisoning (HOP). When reading the following,
the reader is urged to remember that rectal absorption is eight times more
efficient than oral.
Chemical & its Toxicity Profile/Bodily Reactions
Nonoxynol 9:||Poison by intraperitoneal route. Mutation data reported. When
heated to decomposition, it emits acrid smoke and fumes (HC, p. 958).|
Possible carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data by implant route. (HC, p.
982; HOP, p. 212).|
Mildly toxic by ingestion. Skin irritant. Mutation data
reported (HC, p. 167).|
Poison by ingestion and subcutaneous routes.
Excitement, hallucinations, distorted perceptions, changes in heart rate, and
dyspnea. Anaesthetic rapidly absorbed by mucous membranes. Excessive doses may
cause methemoglobinemia (HC, p. 439; HOP, p.341.)|
A human teratogen that causes testicular tumors in the
fetus. Inhalation of vapor or particles can cause pneumonia. Possibly produces
gastrointestinal tumors. Deposits accumulate in the lymphnodes and dissolves and
prevents the absorption of vitamin A from the intestines (HC, p. 885; HOP. p.
Moderately toxic. Eye irritant. Possible carcinogen and
flammable. Many glycols produce severe acidosis, central nervous system damage,
and congestion (HC, p. 1053; HOP, pp. 193-195.)|
A.K.A. borax. Toxic to all cells. Prolonged absorption casues
anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, and anemia (HOP, p. 396).|
Slightly toxic. Causes convulsions, mutations, and surface
EEG changes (HC, p. 1086).|
Carboxymethylcellulose, hydroxymethylcellulose, polyscorbate 60:||
The first of
these compounds has been shown to cause cancer in animals. Used in cosmetics,
inhalation of these products could cause chemical pneumonitis. Bodily
implantation of these substances will cause foreign body [antibody] reaction
(HOP, p. 308).|
Moderately toxic by ingestion. Liver and kidney damage has
been demonstrated in animals from chronic exposure. Possible carcinogen (HC, p.
Close chemical cousins of benzoic acid.
Poisonous and moderately toxic. An allergen. Causes dyspnea and allergic
dermatitis (HC. pp. 132, 695, 702).|
Granted, high doses may be required to produce the effects listed for some of
these compounds but some, like mineral oil and petrolatum, are used in high doses
in lubricants already. Beyond that, what are the effects of chronic, but low,
exposure over time? How much overtime does the immune system have to work to
remove these unnatural substances from the body, if they can be removed at all?
Project AIDS International, a medical research organization located in Los
Angeles, California, contacted some of the lubricant companies with this
information, and also lodged a complaint with the FDA, and were rebuffed.
Apparently, the excuse is that NO lubricant is labelled in such a way as to imply
rectal or anal placement; all the labels say something like "For external
use only." This is done to avoid extensive testing of the product as a food
substance by the FDA and to, effectively, circumvent the law. Since no insertion
is implied or stated, the companies cannot be held responsible or liable for
someone going ahead and doing so. You can't be responsible if someone uses your
product in a way you didn't tell them to. (46)
Until they change, vegetable glycerine mixed with water makes a safe, natural
lubricant. One can also make a natural lubricant by heating 4 teaspoons of corn
starch with 1 cup of water. Keep stirring. Eventually, a slick gel will form.
Refrigerate the mixture until ready for use. The only lubricant on the market
that appears to be safe for use is called Probe, which contains few ingredients,
no benzoates, and uses citrus seed extract as a preservative.
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure: don't use lubricants or
lubricated condoms. The oil based ones have a much higher content of toxins in
them than the water based ones. Additionally, as studies done by Project AIDS
International show, lubricated condoms are routinely coated with talc and
silicon, both carcinogenic and immunosuppressive substances when introduced into
Denatured oils oxidize in the body and produce free radicals which are known
to harm the cellular systems of the body. (47) Further, benzene appears to kill
by decimating the blood bone marrow and by burning out the endocrine system by
causing hyperproduction of various hormones, especially cortisone and cortisol
(48). The hormonal blowout occurs as a result of the severe inflammatory response
that benzene generates from the body. It is almost as if the entire aging process
is speeded up a hundred-fold and a person lives a lifetime in a few years. As
most clinicians who dealt with early persons with AIDS know, those that died died
horrible deaths due to immune system destruction caused by anemia and
leukocytopenia and looked like shriveled old men when they passed.
As for dietary guidelines, avoid any food product that says the following:
diet, fat free, salt free, decaffinated, defatted, "lite,"
polyunsaturated, or imitation as these "foods" are denatured foods.
Avoid cooking foods over charcoal as this produces benzopyrenes. Food is supposed
to have fat in it and solvents must be used to extract fat from these foods by
In terms of treatment, it is difficult to make blanket recommendations since
each person is different but, in general, if it can be determined that the
person's "AIDS" is caused by benzene poisoning (the Caffeine Enzyme
Saliva test should be employed here), treatment should mimic successful protocols
for the other bezene-induced conditions discussed before. Toxic Oil Syndrome,
EMS, and SMON, for example, were successfully resolved with a purification diet,
along with vitamin and mineral supplementation (49) provided, of course, that the
damage wrought by the benzene was not so extensive as to have completely shut
down the body's endocrine and bone marrow systems. While it is always possible to
halt benzene's march of destruction in the body, it is quite difficult to reverse
what damage has already occured.
Natural therapies should focus on detoxifying the body and building up the
blood bone marrow, glandular, hepatic, and digestive systems, which will have a
beneficial effect on the immune system. Garlic, yellow dock, and alfalfa
supplements are recommended, for example, as well as ginseng, for their
alterative qualities and tonic effects on these systems (50). High doses of
vitamins C, E, and A , as well as the mineral selenium, are recommended for their
antioxidant effects (51), as well as a solid antioxidant formula like New Life
from Sophista-Care. In severe cases, Project AIDS International recommends
chelation therapy with vitamin/mineral supplementation (52).
Systemic candidiasis, if present, must be dealt with quickly due to its
ability to exhaust the immune and adrenal systems with allergic reactions,
increased tendency to other infections, and interference with the digestive
function resulting in nutrient starvation.
Of course, immediately stop the ingestion of illicit drugs, if any, and
immediately halt the consumption of AZT, sulfa compounds, or any other toxic
"antiviral" HIV drug. These drugs, which do nothing but kill living
cells, have been rightly termed "AIDS by prescription" by Peter
Duesberg and other "AIDS dissidents."
Of equal importance is the treatment of the mind of the person who either has
"AIDS" or who has been diagnosed "HIV antibody positive," and
the psychological death sentence such a diagnosis engenders. It must be made
clear to these individuals that (a) they can recover, and (b) HIV is irrelevant
to AIDS and, in all probability, does not even exist (53). If a person believes
in their heart that there is no hope, then there is none. Effective mental
imaging techniques like neurolinguistic programming would be of immense help
Stephen C. Byrnes Ph.D., D.N.T. is a Natural Therapist and Nutritionist in Honolulu, HI. He
is the author of Overcoming AIDS with Natural Medicine, available from
http://naturalhawaii.com/centaur.htm or www.1stbooks.com, as well as several
articles and papers which have appeared in Health Freedom News, Vitality, Natural
Health Reader, and Common Ground. See also http://www.naturalhawaii.com/byrnes.htm
This paper is indebted to original research done by Project AIDS
International, 8033 Sunset Blvd., Ste. 2640, Los Angeles, CA. 90046. Questions on
this paper can be directed to them at (213) 660-3381 or to the author.
- This paper will not touch on "African AIDS" which is an epidemic
of malnutrition and draught.
- Duesberg, Peter. "Can Epidemiology determine whether drugs or HIV
cause AIDS?" AIDS Forschung 12:627-635.
- Root-Bernstein, Robert. "Do we know the cause of AIDS?" Perspect.
Biol. Med. 33:480-500.
- Jeremy Selvey, Project AIDS International, personal communication.
- Coulter, Harrison. AIDS and Syphilis: The Hidden Link. Berkley; 1987.
- The publishers of the gay newspaper The New York Native.
- Clark, Hulda. The Cure for HIV and AIDS. San Diego; 1993.
- Duesberg, Peter and Yiamouannis, John. AIDS. Health Action Press; 1995. Ch.
- It was found that the symptoms of tertiary syphillis, most similar to AIDS,
were caused by long term arsenic treatments and not by the syphilis bacteria.
- Duesberg. AIDS. Pp. 92-114.
- Pollach, S., et. al.."Impaired immune function in hemophilia patients
treated exclusively with cyproprecipitate: relation to duration of
treatment." Am. J. Hematol. 20:1-6.
- Byrnes, S.C. "Overcoming AIDS With Herbs, Vitamins, and Hope"
Common Ground; Toronto; Spring 1996.
- Duesberg, AIDS., p. 48; Duesberg & Bialy, Genetica June 1995;
Craddock, Mark. "HIV: Science by Press Conference," Genetica June 1995;
Eleopuls, Turner, Papadimitriou, "Is HIV Really Hiding in the Lymph
Nodes?" Reappraising AIDS, Spring 1994; Wolthers, KC, et. al.,
"Telomere Length in HIV-1 Infection," Science vol 724, no. 5292, pp.
- These cases of HIV-free AIDS are called ICL by the Centers for Disease
Control. See also Farber, C., "The Gray Zone: AIDS Without HIV," Spin,
- Selvey, Jeremy. The Secrets Behind HIV & AIDS. Los Angeles; CA. 1996.
- For example, gay men typically get Kaposi's sarcoma, wasting, and
pneumocystis pneumonia; drug addicts typically get TB and pneumonia, and
hemophiliacs typically get pneumonia and candidiasis.
- Duesberg, AIDS. Pp. 11-12
- Graham, John. In Search of Safety. Harvard University Press; 1988. p. 102.
- Ibid, pp. 115-130.
- Ibid, pp. 148.
- Lewis, Richard. Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference. 1993; Van Nostrand
Reinhold. Pp. 123-124.
- Dreisbach, Robert. Handbook of Poisoning. Los Altos; 1983. P. 615, 603,
- Selvey, op. cit., p. 65; C6H6: The Common Link, Project AIDS
- Ibid, p. 65.
- Wood, G.M., et. al. J. Agric. Food Chem.. 1994; 42: 2525-2530; Silver,
M.L. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 66:1947.
- Yoshida, S.H., et. al. Regulatory Toxico. and Pharm.. 1994; 19: 60-79.
- Selvey, op. cit., p. 65.
- "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome," Alternative Medicine. (1993; Future
- Miller, A. "Perrier Loses Its Fizz: Benzene Contamination,"
Newsweek, 2/26/90, pp. 115,153.
- Neelam, B. Pharmacol. and Toxicol.. March, 1994; 59-65.
- Smith, R.. Annals of NY Acad. of Sci.; 1984; 437:595.
- A- Priori, R., Euro. J. Pediat., vol. 153, #5; 1994, pp. 344-346; Leslie, A..
et. al., Jnl. Amer. Med. Assoc., 10/3/90, vol. 264, no. 13.
B- See Duesberg's Inventing the AIDS Virus (Regnery; 1996) for a thorough
discussion, with full references, of the immunosuppressive effects of chronic
- Selvey, op. cit. p. 70
- Lewis, op. cit. p. 11.
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- Duesberg, P. "How Much Longer Can We Afford the AIDS Virus
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- Knight, Gareth. "DNCB", Continuum, Sept./Oct. 1996.
- Selvey, op. cit., p. 71 & personal communication.
- Wiley, Harvey. A History of a Crime Against the Food Law. Self published;
1929. See also The Legacy of Dr. Wiley by Maurice Natenberg; 1957. These books
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- Ibid, p. 70
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- Selvey, personal communication.
- Burton Goldberg Group. Alternative Medicine. Washington; 1994. P. 182.
- Parillo, J.E., et. al.. Amer. Rev. of Pharm. and Toxic.; 1979; 19:279-301;
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- The Burton Goldberg Group. Alternative Medicine. 1994; WA.. P. 182.
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Been Achieved? The Case Against," Continuum vol. 4, #3, 1996,
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